Building Systems and Components

Structure and Components for Designing Interiors

Experts use specific interior design principles and components to present the best ideas and décor. These interior design components include space, line, forms, light, colour, texture and pattern; keeping them balanced is vital in creating an aesthetically pleasing interior.

All buildings have a similar foundation, plinth, walls, floors, doors, windows, and roof. Every component has its function. Non-structural features are parapet walls, door and windows, furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, tiles, paint etc.

Physical and Structural Components of Interior Design-

In any interior design, the overall effect is more important than the specific element used. Following are the architectural components—


Ceilings are the largest unbroken surface in interiors. Modern designers take advantage of roofs’ design possibilities, in which one such option is the creation of textural effects with wood. Of course, one must respect the impact of a simple plaster ceiling in an otherwise well-designed interior since it is needed to reflect light and provide a calm cohesiveness to space. It is essential for a plain ceiling to be just that: a surface without blemishes, without bumps and unrelated areas of different heights. It is essential to keep varying ceiling heights related to the room’s plan. A low ceiling in a dining area, for instance, can be pleasant, but a dropped ceiling covering only part of the space can be more distracting.


Synthetic floor coverings are usually classified as hard floors used for living rooms. Tiles that are plain and in the right colours or textures are beautiful and appropriate, used in bathrooms and kitchen.

Ceramic tiles are also suitable for almost any space. Correctly done floors will possess a natural beauty and have the additional advantage of easy maintenance.

Wood floors still account for a substantial percentage of all floors, especially in residences. They have great warmth and beauty.


Every wall is a kind of material in itself, and if appropriately used, no material needs to be covered up. Fabulously decorative wallpapers have long been available in bold and exciting patterns that can add to your living rooms’ wall beauty.

A designer’s imagination and the customers budget are the only limitations on the materials used for wall surfacing. No wall in itself should be designed without relation to the overall design scheme.

Doors and Windows-

Windows and doors in contemporary design are considered functional elements and are expressed as it is. Windows must be carefully designed and placed for light, ventilation, air, and view. A simple device such as a shade or shutter will be enough to control light and privacy.

The vital considerations for windows must be based on functional needs and the overall aesthetic intent.

Doors must be planned appropriately, relating the swing and location to the needs and their height, colour, or textures to space’s design elements.

Other components

Every architectural component must be detailed well. Detailing is how materials are put together, in what manner is one part joined to another, and how elements and materials are expressed and connected. It is the job of a designer to deal with all of these components by design.

Furniture and accessories

To the layman, furniture is the most critical aspect of interior design. It is a significant component of a plan for the professional as well. Accessories are more personal, but they are less significant to the interior’s overall effect since they are by nature smaller than the furniture. Anything that people own could be called an “accessory,” including functional objects, such as ashtrays, and decorative objects, such as porcelain, ceramics, or glass.

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